Giulia FURFARO

Giulia FURFARO

Ricercatore Universitario

Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali

Centro Ecotekne Pal. B - S.P. 6, Lecce - Monteroni - LECCE (LE)

Ufficio, Piano terra

Telefono +39 0832 29 8660

Curriculum Vitae

Scarica curriculum vitae

Didattica

A.A. 2020/2021

EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

Degree course COASTAL AND MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY

Course type Laurea Magistrale

Language INGLESE

Credits 6.0

Teaching hours Ore Attività frontale: 52.0

Year taught 2020/2021

For matriculated on 2020/2021

Course year 1

Structure DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE BIOLOGICHE ED AMBIENTALI

Subject matter Curriculum E-Biodiversity and Ecosystem Sciences

Location Lecce

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND METHODOLOGIES FOR MARINE BIOLOGY

Degree course COASTAL AND MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY

Course type Laurea Magistrale

Language INGLESE

Credits 6.0

Teaching hours Ore Attività frontale: 54.0

Year taught 2020/2021

For matriculated on 2019/2020

Course year 2

Structure DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE BIOLOGICHE ED AMBIENTALI

Subject matter PERCORSO COMUNE

Location Lecce

ZOOLOGIA

Corso di laurea SCIENZE BIOLOGICHE

Tipo corso di studio Laurea

Lingua ITALIANO

Crediti 9.0

Ripartizione oraria Ore Attività frontale: 74.0

Anno accademico di erogazione 2020/2021

Per immatricolati nel 2019/2020

Anno di corso 2

Struttura DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE BIOLOGICHE ED AMBIENTALI

Percorso PERCORSO GENERICO/COMUNE

Torna all'elenco
EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

Degree course COASTAL AND MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY

Subject area BIO/05

Course type Laurea Magistrale

Credits 6.0

Teaching hours Ore Attività frontale: 52.0

For matriculated on 2020/2021

Year taught 2020/2021

Course year 1

Semestre Secondo Semestre (dal 08/03/2021 al 11/06/2021)

Language INGLESE

Subject matter Curriculum E-Biodiversity and Ecosystem Sciences (169)

Location Lecce

No requirements are foreseen to attend this course, apart from basic knowledge of general biology.

This course will encompass the genetic architecture of adaptation, molecular evolution, and the different forces that contribute to evolution, such as sexual selection, genetic drift, and biogeography. Principles of evolutionary and ecological developmental biology ("eco-evo-devo") will show a wider synthesis that integrates developmental biology with the fields of study covered by the earlier evolutionary synthesis, including ecology. The course will particularly deal with responses of animals to global warming in terms of life cycle variations, or organismal, cellular and molecular adaptations. Study and analysis of ecological vulnerability characteristics: research on ecological niches, trophic networks, the dispersive potential of species, models and examples of the concept of habitat availability, monitoring of genetic variability, adaptation. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity vs. genetic changes, genetic evolution. The concept of rapid evolutionary changes and the link between demographic processes of different organisms belonging to the same ecological community will be mentioned. Focus will be given to eco-evo-devo aspects of marine organisms.

The students will pursue topics across a broad span of interconnected fields, including ecosystem biology, community and population biology, organismal biology, molecular ecology, population genetics, genomics, speciation and macroevolution.

Theoretical lessons (32 h), integrated by round-table sessions (JOURNAL CLUB sessions) (16 h) on evolutionary biology and evolutionary ecology hot topics (6 ECTS in total, 48 hours).

The achievement of the credits attributed to teaching is obtained through a written test with five open-ended questions with different degrees of complexity, together with a qualitative assessment of the participation to the journal club sessions. This will evaluate the learning outcomes acquired by the student. The analysis of answers to the written test will be carried out by direct interview with the teacher. Upon motivated request of the student, the written test is completely replaced by a full oral exam. The final grade is expressed in thirtieths, with possible praise. For each given answer, the student will get up to 6 point, depending on the level of inclusivity and the supporting arguments provided by the answer. Any answer not given will equal to 0 points. To pass the exam it is necessary to obtain a minimum score of 18 points, equal to a grade of 18/30. If the exam is insufficient, or the final score is less than 18, the written test must be repeated. Following a double failure to pass the written test (due to insufficiency or non-acceptance of the grade obtained), the exam can only be taken by interview with the teacher. The attribution of the final score will be taken into account: of the level of theoretical and practical knowledge acquired (50%); the ability to apply the acquired knowledge (30%); autonomy of judgment (10%); of communication skills (10%).

D. Futuyuma . Evolutionary Biology. 

E. Pianka - Evolutionary Ecology, Harper & Row.

EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY (BIO/05)
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND METHODOLOGIES FOR MARINE BIOLOGY

Degree course COASTAL AND MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY

Subject area BIO/05

Course type Laurea Magistrale

Credits 6.0

Teaching hours Ore Attività frontale: 54.0

For matriculated on 2019/2020

Year taught 2020/2021

Course year 2

Semestre Primo Semestre (dal 05/10/2020 al 22/01/2021)

Language INGLESE

Subject matter PERCORSO COMUNE (999)

Location Lecce

No requirements are foreseen to attend the course and practicals on board of the R/V PELAGIA. A diving licence is required to attend underwater SCUBA diving practicals.

The course will deal with the main techniques for studying the coastal marine environment through scuba diving and from the sea surface, on board of the research vessel Pelagia.

The aim is to provide both theoretical and practical basic knowledge on the techniques of studying the marine environment by means of a scientific diver or by sampling from sea surface on board of a research vessel.

The course will be run by theoretical lessons (3 credits, 24 hours) and practical exercises in the field (3 credits, 30 hours).

The achievement of the credits attributed to teaching is obtained through a written test with five open-ended questions with different degrees of complexity, together with a qualitative assessment of the pratical achievements (non sufficient, sufficient, good, excellent) for each student given by the teaching staff.This will evaluate the learning outcomes acquired by the student. The analysis of answers to the written test will be carried out by direct interview with the teacher. Upon motivated request of the student, the written test is completely replaced by a full oral exam. The final grade is expressed in thirtieths, with possible praise. For each given answer, the student will get up to 6 point, depending on the level of inclusivity and the supporting arguments provided by the answer. Any answer not given will equal to 0 points. To pass the exam it is necessary to obtain a minimum score of 18 points, equal to a grade of 18/30. If the exam is insufficient, or the final score is less than 18, the written test must be repeated. Following a double failure to pass the written test (due to insufficiency or non-acceptance of the grade obtained), the exam can only be taken by interview with the teacher. The attribution of the final score will be taken into account: of the level of theoretical and practical knowledge acquired (50%); the ability to apply the acquired knowledge (30%); autonomy of judgment (10%); of communication skills (10%).

General: Physiological effects of immersion on humans. Diving equipment: breathing systems and the use of mixtures; protection systems and cold water diving; communication systems; transport systems; cave diving. Destructive sampling techniques: scratches, panels, sorbonne, nets, traps. Non-destructive sampling techniques: squares, transects, video and photographic surveys, visual-census. ROV (remotely operated vehicles). Underwater environmental volunteering projects. Transplant techniques. Use of sensors. Use of underwater lifting bag for marine litter removal and for displacement of heavy underwater equipments. 

Details: Autonomous scuba diving, basic instrumentation for underwater research. Underwater activities in the various scientific disciplines: areas and specificities. Physical and chemical oceanography: currentometry, underwater optics, water sampling. Portable control units. Criteria of accessibility and specificity in the approach to submarine habitats. Geology: topography, clinometry, morphometry, sedimentology, ripple-marks, penetrometry. Portable underwater sonars.

Biology and ecology. Scientific immersion in the study of the pelagic environment and the benthos. Qualitative, quantitative, qualitative-quantitative surveys. Numerical descriptors: biomass and biovolume; abundance and density; roofing and covering; frequency. Destructive methods, non-destructive methods. Grating. Sorbona (air-lift sucking pump). Photo detection. Circumscribed and non-circumscribed visual methods: squares and transepts. Orthogonal and parallel transects. Type of parallel transects: Line Intercept Transect (LIT), Point Intercept Transect (PIT); Chain Transect (CT); Belt Transect (BT). National, EU and international regulations for scientific diving. Training and updating. Operating procedures. Technical and psychophysical requirements. Civil liability. Eligibility, insurance, certificates, dive booklets. Coordination of scientific immersion within the European Union. Notes on Legislative Decree 626/94 "Safety in the workplace". Risk assessment in scientific diving. Good practices for the safe performance of ISPRA and Environmental Agencies underwater activities

Case studies:
Installation of anti-jellyfish nets
Monitoring colonial invertebrates: a case study with 10x10, 20x20 squares, visual collection (picking up).
Posidonia: counting and measuring shoots and leaves, lepidocronology, epiphyte coverage.
Definition and notes on the safety of scientific diving.
Microplastic sampling with screen - sorting

Abbiati, M (ed.) (1991) Metodi di campionamento biologico subacqueo. In Lezioni del Corso Formativo per Ricercatore Scientifico Subacqueo. Pisa: International School of Scientific Diving, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar

Bianchi, CN, Pronzato, R, Cattaneo-Vietti, R, Benedetti-Cecchi, L, Morri, C, Pansini, M, Chemello, R, Milazzo, M, Fraschetti, S, Terlizzi, A, Peirano, A, Salvati, E, Benzoni, F, Calcinai, B, Cerrano, C and Bavestrello, G (2004) Hard bottoms. In Gambi, M and Dappiano, M (eds), Mediterranean marine benthos: a manual of methods for its sampling and study. Biologia Marina Meditteranea 11 (Suppl. 1), 185–215.

Hiscock, K and Hoare, R (1973) A portable suction sampler for rock epibiota. Helgolander Wiss. Meeresunters 25, 35–38.10.1007/BF01609959CrossRef | Google Scholar

Danovaro R. Biologia marina. Biodiversità e funzionamento degli ecosistemi marini. II edizione UTET

ISPRA 2010. Metodologie di studio del Plancton marino. 

Gambi M.C., Dappiano M. 2004 (eds) “Mediterranean marine benthos: a manual of methods for its sampling and study” SIBM.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND METHODOLOGIES FOR MARINE BIOLOGY (BIO/05)
ZOOLOGIA

Corso di laurea SCIENZE BIOLOGICHE

Settore Scientifico Disciplinare BIO/05

Tipo corso di studio Laurea

Crediti 9.0

Ripartizione oraria Ore Attività frontale: 74.0

Per immatricolati nel 2019/2020

Anno accademico di erogazione 2020/2021

Anno di corso 2

Semestre Primo Semestre (dal 05/10/2020 al 22/01/2021)

Lingua ITALIANO

Percorso PERCORSO GENERICO/COMUNE (PDS0-2008)

Conoscenza di nozioni fondamentali di biologia, chimica generale e fisica normalmente erogate nei programmi di scienze della scuola superiore di secondo grado. Conoscenze di nozioni di citologia ed istologia acquisite nel corso del primo anno del corso di studi in Scienze Biologiche/Scienze Naturali

Il corso ha lo scopo di fornire una conoscenza approfondita del mondo animale, sia negli aspetti generali che sistematici, fornendo una visione della diversità e della evoluzione della complessità degli animali.

Conoscenza di:

• terminologia zoologica
• organismo integrato e aspetti fondamentali della condizione di “animalità”

• diversità, complessità e unitarietà della vita animale
• adattamenti strutturali e funzionali vitali degli animali
• storia evolutiva e rapporti filogenetici degli animali

Saper effettuare:

• riconoscimento di taxa
• analisi comparativa di anatomia macro e microscopica

64 ore di lezione frontale (32 lezioni da due ore ciascuna) e 5 esercitazioni pratiche in parallelo su materiale conservato e fresco per complessive 10 ore di attività laboratoriale. Uso di piattaforme digitali (Kahott!) durante la prova in itinere.

Il conseguimento dei crediti attribuiti all’insegnamento è ottenuto mediante una prova in itinere sulla parte generale con quaranta domande a risposta multipla e a differente grado di complessità. Il superamento di tale prova esonera da dover rispondere a domande sulla parte generale durante la prova orale finale. La prova orale finale consta di un colloquio diretto in cui si discute sui contenuti della parte generale e si svolge il riconoscimento del materiale delle esercitazioni. La votazione finale è espressa in trentesimi, con eventuale lode. Per superare l’esame è necessario ottenere un punteggio minimo di 18 punti (18/trentesimi).

Nell’attribuzione del punteggio finale si terrà conto: del livello di conoscenze acquisite (50%); della capacità di applicare le conoscenze acquisite (30%); dell’autonomia di giudizio (10%); delle abilità comunicative (10%).

  • 3 appelli tra Gennaio e Marzo 2021
    • 05/02/2021 ore 11:00
    • 19/02/2021 ore 11:00
    • 05/03/2021 ore 11:00
  • 1 appello a Giugno 2021
    • 15/06/2021 ore 8:30
  • 2 appelli a Luglio 2021
    • 15/07/2021 ore 8:30       
    • 30/07/2021 ore 8:30
  • 1 appello a Settembre 2021
    • 07/09/2021 ore 8:30
  • Appelli riservati a studenti fuori corso e laureandi:
    • 03/11/2020 ore 15.30
    • 05/03/2021 ore 15:30
    • 10/05/2021 ore 14:00

Per ulteriori informazioni e prenotare un appuntamento, contattare il docente via mail, scrivendo a stefano.piraino@unisalento.it. L'insegnamento contribuisce al perseguimento degli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile dell'Agenda 2030 dell'ONU.

PARTE GENERALE
Biologia funzionale e comportamentale. Concetti generali e principi di base della vita animale; eterotrofia e motilita’; Bauplan e livelli di organizzazione; simmetria; metameria; cavita’ del corpo; principali funzioni: nutrizione, respirazione, circolazione, escrezione, osmoregolazione, termoregolazione, sostegno, movimento, coordinamento nervoso ed endocrino, recezione sensoriale, riproduzione e sessualita’; sviluppo e cicli vitali; simbiosi e parassitismo; principi del comportamento animale.
Biologia evoluzionistica. Principi di Tassonomia. Filogenesi ed evoluzione: teorie, meccanismi; specie e speciazione; adattamento; omologia/analogia; convergenza; radiazione; coevoluzione.

PARTE SISTEMATICA
Biodiversità, Applicazione di sistematica e filogenesi. Protozoi ed evoluzione della pluricellularita’; Caratteristiche distintive e filogenesi dei principali phyla di Metazoi: Poriferi, Cnidari, Ctenofori, Acelomati, Pseudocelomati, Celomati; Protostomi: Anellidi, Molluschi, Artropodi; Deuterostomi: Echinodermi, Cordati.

(b) Competenze culturali

• terminologia zoologica
• organismo integrato e aspetti fondamentali della condizione di “animalità” • diversita’ , complessita’ ed unitarieta’ della vita animale
• adattamenti strutturali e funzionali degli animali
• storia evolutiva e rapporti filogenetici degli animali

(c) Competenze metodologiche

• riconoscimento di taxa

• analisi comparativa di anatomia macro e microscopica

Parte Generale: 

FONDAMENTI DI ZOOLOGIA -  Autori: Hickman, Keen, Eisenhour, Larson, L'Anson - Editore McGraw Hill, 18 Edizione

 

in alternativa:

ZOOLOGIA - Parte Generale

Autori: De Bernardi, Balsamo, Bavestrello, Bertolani, Candia, Chessa, Corriero, D'Aniello, Foà, Giangrande, Mantovani, Parrinello, Pinelli, Pronzato, Rastogi, Ricci, Verni, Vinciguerra - Editore: Idelson - Gnocchi

 

Parte Sistematica:

ZOOLOGIA - Parte Sistematica

Autori: Candia, De Bernardi, Balsamo, Bavestrello, Bertolani, Cammarata, Cannas, Chessa, Corriero, D'Aniello, Deiana, Foà, Giangrande, Lombardo, Mantovani, Parrinello, Pinelli, Pronzato, Rebecchi, Ricci, Rossaro, Sabelli, Verni, Vinciguerra - Editore: Idelson - Gnocchi

 

in alternativa

DIVERSITA' ANIMALE - Autori: Hickman, Keen, Eisenhour, Larson, L'Anson - Editore McGraw Hill, 18 Edizione

ZOOLOGIA (BIO/05)

Pubblicazioni

21. Furfaro G., Vitale F., Licchelli C., Mariottini P. 2020. Two Seas for One Great Diversity: Checklist of the Marine Heterobranchia (Mollusca; Gastropoda) from the Salento Peninsula (South-East Italy). Diversity, 12(5), 171.

20. Furfaro G. & Mariottini P. 2019. A new Dondice Marcus Er. 1958 (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia) from the Mediterranean Sea reveals interesting insights into the phylogenetic history of a group of Facelinidae taxa. Zootaxa, 4731 (1), 001-022.

19. Trainito E., Doneddu M., Furfaro G. 2019. Tritoniopsis cincta (Pruvot-Fol, 1937) (Gastropoda, Nudibranchia): first record for the Sardinian sea (Italy) and new additional notes on its distribution and diet. Studia Marina, 32 (2), 5-11.

18. Smriglio C., Furfaro G., Trillò P., Appolloni M., Mariottini P. 2019. A review of the Atlantic-Mediterranean Bursa scrobilator (Linnaeus, 1758) species complex. Molluscan Research, 1–14.

17. Furfaro G., Mariottini P. 2019. Less rare than we thought: two new localities for Piseinotecus soussi Tamsouri, Carmona, Moukrim & Cervera, 2014 along the Tyrrhenian coast. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 43 (3), 287–289.

16. Korshunova T., Picton B., Furfaro G., Mariottini P., Pontes M., Prkić J., Fletcher K., Malmberg K., Lundin K., Martynov A. 2019. Multilevel fine-scale diversity challenges the ‘cryptic species’ concept. Scientific reports, 9 (1), 6732.

15. Trainito E., Fantin M., Furfaro G. 2018. Trapania pallida Kress, 1968 (Gastropoda, Nudibranchia): first record for Italian waters and new additional notes on its diet and on Mediterranean records. Studia Marina, 31 (2), 32–37.

14. Furfaro G., De Matteo S., Mariottini P., Giacobbe S. Ecological notes of the alien species Godiva quadricolor (Gastropoda, Nudibranchia) occurring in Faro Lake (Italy). 2018. Journal of Natural History, 52 (11-12), 645–657.

13. Mancini E., Furfaro G., Cervelli M., Di Giulio A., Oliverio M., Salvi D., Mariottini P. 2018. Molecular detection of parasites (Trematoda, Digenea: Bucephalidae and Monorchiidae) in the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis (Mollusca: Bivalvia). The European Zoological Journal, 85 (1), 8–16.

12. Furfaro G., Trainito E., De Lorenzi F., Fantin M., Doneddu M. 2017. Tritonia nilsodhneri Marcus Ev., 1983 (Gastropoda, Heterobranchia, Tritoniidae): first records for the Adriatic Sea and new data on ecology and distribution of Mediterranean populations. Acta Adriatica, 58 (2), 261–270.

11. Furfaro G., Salvi D., Mancini E., Mariottini P. 2018. A multilocus view on Mediterranean aeolid nudibranchs (Mollusca): systematics and cryptic diversity of Flabellinidae and Piseinotecidae. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution, 118, 13–22.

10. Furfaro G., Trainito E. 2017. A new species from the Mediterranean Sea and North-Eastern Atlantic Ocean: Knoutsodonta pictoni n. sp. (Gastropoda Heterobranchia Nudibranchia). Biodiversity Journal, 8 (2), 725–738.

9. Furfaro G., Di Giulio A., Mantoni C., Mariottini P. 2017. On the occurrence of Porpita porpita (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) in the Tyrrhenian sea: COI and ITS2 DNA barcoding identification. Spixiana, 40, 1–138.

8. Furfaro G., Picton B., Martynov A., Mariottini P. 2016. Diaphorodoris alba Portmann & Sandmeier, 1960 is a valid species: molecular and morphological comparison with D. luteocincta (M. Sars, 1870) (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia). Zootaxa, 4193 (2), 304–316.

7. Furfaro G., Mariottini P., Modica M.V., Trainito E., Doneddu M., Oliverio M. 2016. Sympatric sibling species: the case of Caloria elegans and Facelina quatrefagesi (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia). Scientia Marina, 80 (4), 511–520.

6. Furfaro G., Mariottini P. 2016. Check-list of the Nudibranchs (Mollusca Gastropoda) from the biodiversity hot spot “Scoglio del Corallo” (Argentario promontory, Tuscany). Biodiversity Journal, 7 (1), 67–78.

5. Furfaro G., Oliverio M., Mariottini P. 2016. The southernmost record of Felimida elegantula (Philippi, 1844) (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia). Marine Biodiversity, 47 (2), 579–584.

4. Furfaro G., Modica M.V., Oliverio M., Mariottini P. 2016. A DNA-barcoding approach to the phenotypic diversity of Mediterranean species of Felimare Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967 (Mollusca: Gastropoda), with a preliminary phylogenetic analysis. Italian Journal of Zoology, 83 (2), 195–207.

3. Furfaro G., Modica M.V., Oliverio O., Cervera J.L., Mariottini M. 2014. Phenotypic diversity of Thuridilla hopei (Vérany, 1853) (Gastropoda Heterobranchia Sacoglossa). A DNA-barcoding approach. Biodiversity Journal, 5, 117–130.

2. Prkíc J., Furfaro G., Mariottini P., Carmona L., Cervera J.L., Modica M.V., Oliverio M. 2014. First record of Calma gobioophaga Calado and Urgorri, 2002 (Gastropoda: Nudibranchia) in the Mediterranean Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15 (2), 423–428.

1. Crocetta F., Macali A., Furfaro G., Cooke S., Villani G., Valdes A. 2013. Alien molluscan species established along the Italian shores: an update, with discussions on some Mediterranean “alien species” categories. Zookeys, 277, 91.

Temi di ricerca

My field of expertise concerns Heterobranchs gastropods mainly regarding alfa-diversity by considering also the ‘cryptic’ diversity, geographical distribution pattern, bathymetric range of distribution, ecological behaviour, ecological associations, morphology and anatomy, molecular pattern and genetic divergence. I am interested in unravelling the evolutionary relationships occurring among this group of gastropods and for this reason I focused my research to the development of an integrative taxonomic approach, combining multiple sources of data such as morphology, DNA-taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography.