Teaching in italian
Subject area
Reference degree course
Course type
Laurea Magistrale
Teaching hours
Ore Attività frontale: 54.0
Academic year
Year taught
Course year
Reference professor for teaching

Teaching description

Teaching program is provisional and may be subject to changes

Metallurgy basics

The  course clarifies the microstructure, mechanical properties, processing, physical metallurgy and engineering applications of non ferrous alloys. Particular attention is devoted to microstructure/property relationships and to the role of processing and heat treatments on the microstructure evolutions.

After the course the student should be able to:

1)Identfy the microstructural features, properties and applications of the main non ferrous alloys;

2)Recognize the main microstructural and mechanical features induced by casting, plastic deformation and joining methods;

3)Identify the role of process parameters (welding, casting, plastic deformation) on microstrucural evolution and properties;

4)Apply strengthening methods and heat treatments;

5)Recognize the role of the processing  thermal cycle on the microstructure evolution.

The development of individual projects helps each student to pursue the goals.

Lectures, laboratory practice, individual project

The exam consists of two parts:

  1. first written part: the student is asked to illustrate theoretical topics
  2. second part: the student is asked to discuss the laboratory topics and  individual project with the lecturer.


1)    A general introduction on the main alloys in terms of the main microstructural features,  properties, applications, processing (1h)

2)    Cristallography, defects, strengthening mechanism (3 hours)

3)    Metallography and experimental tecniques (3 hours):
a) Specimen Preparation for Light Microscopy
b) Optical microscope
c) Hardness test 
d) EDS

4)    Physical metallurgy of light alloys:
a)Solidification principles: microstructure, heat treatments, defects (8 hours).
b) Plastic deformation and solid-solid phase transformation induced by plastic deformation and heat treatments.                                                               Recovery and Recrystallization (3 hours).
c)Principles of age hardening (6 hours).
d) microstructure and mechanical evolution by processing thermal cycle (3hours)
Case studies on above topics.

5)    Aluminum alloys (4 hours)
Wrought aluminum alloy: microstructures and heat treatments,designation of alloys and temper, work hardening,    non heat treatable alloys, heat treatable alloys,Joining.Applications.
Case studies on above topics
Cast aluminum alloys: microstructures and heat treatments,designation of alloys and temper,alloys based on the Aluminum-silicon system,alloys based on the Aluminum-copper system, Aluminum- Magnesium alloys, Aluminum- Zinc-Magnesium alloys. Applications.
Case studies on above topics. 

6)    Magnesium Alloys (2 hours)
Microstructures and heat treatments,designation of alloys and temper,Zirconium free casting alloys, Zirconium containing casting alloys.Applications.
Case studies on above topics.

7)    Titanium alloys (4 hours)
Alpha alloys: microstructure and properties
Alpha/Beta alloys: microstructure and properties
Heat treatments
Joining Applications.
Case studies on above topics.

8)    New processing for non ferrous alloys: microstructure evolution and properties (9 hours):
New joining techniques: microstructures and properties
New coatings tecniques: microstructures and properties
Three dimensional (3D) building process: microstructures and properties 
Case studies on above topics.




1)Grinding, polishing, chemical etching, electrolytic etching, optical microscopy analysis,hardness test and tensile test of light alloys:applied to microstructural and mechanical characterization of the following light alloys:2024,7075,6061,A357,C355,Ti-6Al-4V,WE43,AZ91 (4 hours)
2) As cast and as welded microstructure characterization of non ferrous alloys both heat and not heat treatable: microstructure, defects, mechanical properties (2hours)
3)Solutionizing and aging heat treatment applied to heat treatable aluminum and magnesium alloys: aging curves at different holding temperatures with or without previous solution heat treatment (2 hours)
4)Deformed microstructure and Recovery and Recrystallization applied to aluminum alloys: microstructure evolution and mechanical properties (2 hours) 
5)Homogenization heat treatments (as-cast aluminum alloys) ( 2 hours):microstructure evolution and mechanical properties 
6) Ti-6Al-4V heat treatment (2 hours)
Microstructure evolution and hardness of Ti-6Al-4V due to annealing from Beta phase field.
Microstructure evolution  and hardness of Ti-6Al-4V due to annealing from Alpha+Beta phase field
Microstructure evolution and hardness of Ti-6Al-V due to air cooling from Beta phase field.
Microstructure evolution and hardness of Ti-6Al-V due to air cooling from Alpha+Beta phase field.
Microstructure evolution and hardness of Ti-6Al-V due to quenching from Beta phase field.


Individual project 
New joining/ coating/ 3D buildings tecnniques applied to non ferrous alloys: microstructural and mechanical characterization of samples (6-8 hours).

[1] American Society for Metals, Metals Handbook, V. 15, Casting, Metals Park, Ohio, 1988.

[2] J.D. Verhoeven, Fundamentals of Physical Metallurgy, Wiley

[3] R.W. Hertzberg,Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials, Wiley

[4] M.Tisza, Physical Metallurgy for Engineers, ASM,

[5] G.E Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw-Hill

[6] I.J.Polmear, Light Alloys, BH

[7] W.F.Smith, Structure and Properties of Engineering Alloys,McGraw-Hill

[7] G. Lutjering, J. C. Williams,'Titanium', Springer 2nd edition, New York

[8] R.W. Messler, Principles of welding, J.Wiley & Son

Primo Semestre (dal 20/09/2021 al 17/12/2021)

Exam type
Non obbligatorio

Type of assessment
Orale - Voto Finale

Course timetable

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